Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 November 2005

Antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects of Eucalyptus maculata.

Abdel-Fattah Mohamed, Abeer Gafar Ali Hasan, Mahmoud Ismail Hamamy, Essam Abdel-Sattar

Med Sci Monit 2005; 11(11): BR426-431 :: ID: 430302

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Since phenolic compounds have been reported as effective antioxidants, this study was designed to assess the hepatoprotective and antioxidant activities of the chloroformic extract of the resinous exudate and its phenolic constituents obtained from the stems of Eucalyptus maculata. MATERIAL/METHODS: The chloroformic extract and pure phenolic isolates were evaluated for their antioxidant and hepatoprotective properties in mice and rats based on biochemical changes in serum and tissues as well as pathological changes in the liver and spleen. RESULTS: Acetaminophen (ACP) at a dose of 1 g/kg body weight produced 100% mortality in mice, while pretreatment of animals with the chloroformic extract (125 and 250 mg/kg) protected against the moralities by 66%. Pretreatment of rats with either the chloroformic extract (250 mg/kg) or any of the pure isolates (20 mg/kg) significantly reduced the increase in serum level of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) produced by ACP (640 mg/kg). Pretreatment of animals with the chloroformic extract or its isolates also protected against ascorbic acid depletion in serum and kidney tissues induced by oral administration of paraquat (PQ) without modifying the serum level of glutathione (GSH) and glycogen content in liver tissue. CONCLUSIONS: The phenolic content of the chloroformic extract and the pure isolates produced an antioxidant activity which may be due to the formation of stable phenoxyl radical in addition to its effect through vitamin C.

Keywords: Acetaminophen - toxicity, Antioxidants - pharmacology, Eucalyptus - chemistry, Liver - pathology, Mice, Inbred Strains, Oxidative Stress - drug effects, Paraquat - toxicity, Phenobarbital - antagonists & inhibitors, Phenols - pharmacology, Plant Extracts - pharmacology, Protective Agents - pharmacology, Rats, Inbred Strains, Sleep - drug effects

0 Comments

Editorial

01 December 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: The World Health Organization (WHO) Fungal Priority Pathogens List in Response to Emerging Fungal Pathogens During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939088

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e939088

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

29 November 2022 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study to Identify Risk Factors for Severe Disease and Mortality Using the Modified Early Warn...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938647  

24 November 2022 : Clinical Research  

A Prospective Questionnaire-Based Study to Evaluate Factors Affecting the Decision to Receive COVID-19 Vacc...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938665  

01 November 2022 : Clinical Research  

Questionnaire-Based Study of 81 Patients in Poland to Evaluate the Course of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938243

In Press

30 Nov 2022 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Evaluation of Hematological and Clinical Factors Associated with 30-Day Mortality in 170 Pati...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938674  

29 Nov 2022 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study to Identify Risk Factors for Severe Disease and Mortality Using the Modified Early Warn...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938647  

28 Nov 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Roles of Apelin and ELABELA Peptide Ligands in Cardiovascular Disease, Including Heart Fail...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938112  

25 Nov 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937990  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750