Pretreatment determination of isohaemagglutinin titter values in patients with malignant lymphomas and metastatic solid tumorsLjubinka Nikolic, Zivko Budisin, Svetislav Jelic
Med Sci Monit 2000; 6(1): CR63-67 :: ID: 509225
Isohaemagglutinin synthesis starts 2-4 months after birth, growing progressively and reaching adult values at the age of 5-10 years. Isohaemagglutinin concentration decreases with age. Isohaemagglutinins are mostly immunoglobulins belonging to the class IgM, but also IgA and IgG. Agglutination titter shows correlation with the total concentration of those three immunoglobulin isotypes. For the time being there are few data on the isohaemagglutinin titter level in various diseases. Purpose of this work is to determine whether there are any isohaemagglutinin titter alterations in patients with neoplasia. Isohaemagglutinin titter was investigated in 177 patients treated at the Institute of Oncology and Radiology and 340 blood donors. Out of 177 patients, 31 had Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL), 89 had non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) and 57 had metastatic solid tumors (MST). Statistical evaluation included Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests. In all groups of patients isohaemagglutinin titters were considerably lower as compared with the healthy population (p<1 ´ 10e-5). There was a significant difference in titter values (p=0.003) between O blood group patients with NHL where anti-A1 titter was significantly lower (Med=8; range: 1-256) compared with anti-A1 titter in patients with O blood group suffering from MST (Med=16; range: 2-64). Anti-B titter in the same groups of patients also showed lower values (p=0.042); in NHL anti-B titter values was Med=4, range: 1-32 vs Med=8, range: 1-64 in MST. In the group of patients with HL, A blood group was far more frequent (17/31) compared with the group with MST (22/57) (p=0.02). Pretherapy determination of isohaemagglutinin titter in patients with malignant diseases shows that it is significantly lower than the titter in healthy population. Abnormally low isohaemagglutinin titter value irrespective of the type and site of the malignant tumor, points to insufficiency of the IgM-related humoral immune response, to malignancy as a systemic disease, and places isohaemagglutinins among biological markers.
Keywords: metastatic solid tumors, malignant lymphoma, Isohaemagglutinins
01 November 2023 : EditorialEditorial: Factors Driving New Variants of SARS-CoV-2, Immune Escape, and Resistance to Antiviral Treatments as the End of the COVID-19 Pandemic is Declared
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e942960
28 Nov 2023 : Clinical ResearchImpact of Fluorodeoxyglucose-Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography on Therapeutic Decisions and ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942122
28 Nov 2023 : Clinical ResearchLong-Term Outcomes of Decompression and Grafting in Acute Pathological Proximal Femur Fractures in Children...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943031
27 Nov 2023 : Clinical ResearchComparison of Outcomes from Emergency Admissions to a Major Trauma Center in Turkey of 1646 Elderly Patient...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942916
Most Viewed Current Articles
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
14 Dec 2022 : Clinical ResearchPrevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292