Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

20 May 2010

Computed Tomographic Angiography in the diagnosis of brain death

Marcin Sawicki, Anna Walecka, Romuald Bohatyrewicz, Wojciech Poncyljusz, Janusz Kordowski

Med Sci Monit 2010; 16(1): 28-32 :: ID: 880579

Abstract

Two neurophysiological methods can demonstrate the cessation of brain function: electroencephalography (EEG) and brain-stem auditory-evoked potentials. Conventional angiography of the 4 cerebral arterial axes are the reference standard for imaging brain death. Thus, it is an invasive examination that needs an experienced neuroradiologist, and the availability of an angiography suite. The use of a computed tomographic (CT) scan to diagnose brain death (BD) was proposed in 1978. This examination developed widely these last years thanks to a new generation of multirow CT, which allows visualization of opacified cerebral vessels. This study sought to determine the accuracy of CT, for confirmation of BD.
We examined 15 patients with suspicion of BD according to clinical criteria defined by law. CT scan was performed with and without injection of contrast material, followed by cerebral angiography. In our material, CT angiography showed opacification of A2-ACA and M2 or M3-MCA in 10 patients. In our patients, results of CT angiography fulfill the criteria proposed by the French Society of Neuroradiology: absence of perfusion of M4 middle cerebral artery segments (M4-MCA) and deep cerebral veins. In conventional angiography, 2 patients showed, at the level of the anterior and middle cerebral artery, a phenomenon already described as stasis filling.
CT angiography is a promising radiologic examination in diagnosing BD. When confirmatory examinations are required among BD patients for whom the clinical diagnosis remains essential, it may be an interesting alternative to conventional cerebral angiography, which is more invasive and constraining, and when EEG is unavailable or inadequate.

Keywords: Brain Death, conventional angiography, CT, Angiography

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 February 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Global Health Concerns as Vaccine-Preventable Infections Including SARS-CoV-2 (JN.1), Influenza, Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), and Measles Continue to Rise

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943911

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e943911

0:00

In Press

19 Feb 2024 : Clinical Research  

Diagnostic Accuracy of Ileocolic Artery and Vein Diameter for Acute Appendicitis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943846  

0:00

23 Feb 2024 : Clinical Research  

Early Mobilization in Pediatric Critical Care: Exploring the Gap Between Theory and Practice in Saudi Arabia

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942467  

0:00

01 Feb 2024 : Review article  

Enhancing Patient Adherence to Newly-Prescribed Medicine for Chronic Diseases: A Comprehensive Review and C...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942923  

10 Jan 2024 : Clinical Research  

Efficacy of Bakri Intrauterine Balloon in Managing Postpartum Hemorrhage: A Comparative Analysis of Vaginal...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943072  

Most Viewed Current Articles

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750