Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 October 2010

Prevalence and socio-behavioral determinants of dental caries in Sicilian schoolchildren

Giuseppe PizzoACDEF, Maria R. PiscopoBCEF, Domenica MatrangaACDE, Marcella LuparelloB, Ignazio PizzoBEF, Giovanna GiulianaADG

Med Sci Monit 2010; 16(10): PH83-89 :: ID: 881182


Background: Epidemiological data revealed a marked decline in dental caries prevalence in schoolchildren of Western industrialized countries. In Italy this decline is not well documented, particularly for schoolchildren living in southern Italy. This study investigated the prevalence of caries in schoolchildren in the city of Palermo, Sicily, and assessed the relationship between socio-behavioral determinants and caries.
Material/Methods: A sample of 511 schoolchildren, 153 aged 5 (29.94%) and 358 aged 12 (70.06%), was selected using the cluster sampling technique from a stratified population. The World Health Organization caries diagnostic criteria for Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth and Surfaces for both permanent (DMFT/DMFS) and primary (dmft/dmfs) dentition was used. A questionnaire to assess oral health behaviors and socio-economic factors was completed by the parents. A logistic regression model was estimated, with DMFT/dmft index properly dichotomized as the dependent variable, and oral hygiene, dietary habits, dentist visit attendance, mother’s employment status and level of education as explanatory variables. Two separate analyses were made for 5- and 12-year-old subjects.
Results: The overall prevalence of dental caries was 38.56% in 5-year-olds and 44.97% in 12-year-olds. In the case of the 5-year-olds, maternal educational level was a protective factor for caries, while in the case of the subjects aged 12, frequent snack consumption was significantly associated with caries.
Conclusions: The prevalence of caries in Sicilian schoolchildren was quite high and appears to be related to socio-behavioral determinants (socio-economic background of mothers and frequency of cariogenic snack consumption).

Keywords: Sicily - epidemiology, Questionnaires, Prevalence, Oral Hygiene - statistics & numerical data, Logistic Models, Health Behavior, Educational Status, Dental Caries - prevention & control, Dental Care, DMF Index, Child Behavior, Child, Social Class, Socioeconomic Factors, Tooth, Deciduous - pathology

Add Comment 0 Comments

741 30


01 October 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) 2023 Guidelines for COPD, Including COVID-19, Climate Change, and Air Pollution

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942672

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e942672


In Press

02 Oct 2023 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Nanocrystalline Hydroxyapatite Bone Graft with Empty Defects in Long Bone Fractures: A Retros...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941112  

02 Oct 2023 : Review article  

Circadian Rhythms in Cardiovascular Function: Implications for Cardiac Diseases and Therapeutic Opportunities

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942215  

30 Sep 2023 : Clinical Research  

Influence of Age, Gender, Frailty, and Body Mass Index on Serum IL-17A Levels in Mature Type 2 Diabetic Pat...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940128  

28 Sep 2023 : Clinical Research  

Trends in Hospitalization Duration for Rare Diseases: A Retrospective Analysis of Sarcoidosis, Still's Dise...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941536  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788


30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750