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19 September 2022 : Clinical Research  

[In Press] Effects of Hemodilution on Clot Waveform Analysis Parameters, Clotting Factors, and Thrombin Generation Assays in a Dilutional Model Based on Analysis of 11 Healthy Male Blood Donors

Junko Ichikawa1ABCDEG, Ryota Okazaki2BC, Tomoki Fukuda2B, Daejoon Yoon2B, Makiko Komori2DG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937368

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937368  

Available online: 2022-09-19, In Press, Corrected Proof

Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule


Clot wave analysis (CWA) during activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) measures the speed and extent of fibrin polymerization in the plasma. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of hemodilution on CWA parameter, clotting factors, and thrombin generation assays in a dilutional model.
Platelet-poor plasma obtained from 11 healthy male volunteers was diluted with 0.9% sodium chloride by 10-80% to analyze coagulation profiles, CWA, clotting factors, and thrombin generation assays. CWA includes 5 parameters: the time-dependent variable (aPTT), rate/acceleration (min1, min2, and max2), and magnitude of signal change (delta).
Critically low activities of 30% for clotting factors and 100 mg/dl of fibrinogen were determined at dilutions of 70% and 60%, respectively. Peak thrombin and endogenous thrombin potential were significantly lower compared with baseline after 50% and 80% dilution, respectively. aPTT did not correlate with the decrease in the clotting factors up to dilutions of 50% and subsequently became abnormal values. As the change in rate/acceleration parameters parallels the time course of clotting factor activity in a dilution-dependent linear manner, these parameters indicate an intervention threshold at critically low activities of clotting factors. The strongest correlations were observed between clotting factors and aPTT, clotting factors and min2, delta and peak thrombin (r=0.95), and delta and fibrinogen (r=0.98).
aPTT was significantly correlated with clotting factors, while the rate/acceleration parameters and delta changed with variation in thrombin and fibrinogen generation. These findings may help in evaluating coagulability.

Keywords: Blood Coagulation Factors; Blood Coagulation Tests; Partial Thromboplastin Time; Thrombin


01 October 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Rebound COVID-19 and Cessation of Antiviral Treatment for SARS-CoV-2 with Paxlovid and Molnupiravir

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938532

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938532


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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750