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19 January 2023 : Clinical Research  

[In Press] Evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During the COVID-19 Pandemic

David Nugraha ORCID logo12ABCDEF, Sovia Salamah ORCID logo34ACEF, Kevin Luke12BE, Zefo Kiyosi Wibowo12BCEF, Andro Pramana Witarto ORCID logo12BE, Caesariska Deswima12BE, Nabila Ananda Kloping ORCID logo12BE, Bendix Samarta Witarto ORCID logo12BE, Adila Taufik Syamlan ORCID logo5AE, Abyan Irzaldy ORCID logo6AE, Maftuchah Rochmanti7DF, Dewi Ratna Sari8DF, Sakina Sakina8DF, Firas Farisi Alkaff ORCID logo47ADEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892  

Available online: 2023-01-19, In Press, Corrected Proof

Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule


The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and mental health worldwide. However, its impact on medical students in Indonesia has not been well documented. This study aimed to evaluate HRQoL and mental health in 729 Indonesian medical students during the COVID-19 pandemic.
We conducted a cross-sectional study from 31 August to 30 September 2021. The study instrument was an online questionnaire that was distributed via social media platforms. The 12-item short form version 2 (SF12v2) was used to measure HRQoL, and the 21-item Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21) was used to measure mental health.
From 729 Indonesian medical students included in the analyses, 37.3% had impaired physical component and 66.9% had impaired mental component of HRQoL. The determinants were medical students’ island of residence, history of hospitalization, and family member’s hospitalization and death due to COVID-19. Concerning mental health, the prevalence of reported symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress were 45.4%, 65.2%, and 60.9%, respectively. Sex, study method, grade, previous COVID-19 disease severity, comorbidities, previous learning experience, and history of family isolation were identified as the determinants of mental health.
This study highlights the adverse effects of COVID-19 on HRQoL and mental health in Indonesian medical students. The results identified key associations, including SARS-CoV-2 infection and comorbidities experienced by the students, the health of their families, including grief following bereavement, and the effects of social isolation during the pandemic.

Keywords: COVID-19; Indonesia; Mental Health; Quality of Life; Students, Medical


01 February 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939580

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939580


19 January 2023 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892  

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750