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31 January 2023: Clinical Research

A Retrospective Study to Evaluate the Association Between the Glasgow Prognostic Score and Atrial Fibrillation, Stroke, and Mortality at 30 Days and at 1 Year After Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

Esra Dönmez 1ABCDEF* , Sevgi Özcan 1ABCDEF , Bülent Mert 2BCD , Berk Özkaynak 2ABDF , Sevil Tuğrul 1ABC , İrfan Şahin 1ABDEF , Ertuğrul Okuyan 1AEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939283

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939283

Table 2 Comparison of demographic, laboratory, and clinical parameters with respect to 30-day cardiovascular mortality.

VariablesSurvivor n=671Non-survivor n=40p
Body mass index (kg/m)27.8±4.528.8±4.20.209
EuroSCORE II1.9±1.13.3±1.3
History of hypertension, n (%)349 (51.9)23 (57.5)0.494
History of CVA, n (%)23 (3.4)2 (5)0.416
History of COPD, n (%)120 (17.8)15 (37.5)
History of DM, n (%)279 (41.5)16 (40)0.850
History of CAD, n (%)175 (26.2)14 (35.9)0.181
History of carotid artery disease, n (%)50 (7.5)9 (22.5)
Preoperative treatment, n (%)
 Statins347 (51.7)20 (50)0.502
 β-blockers216 (32.6)10 (26.3)0.058
 ACEI/ARB333 (49.9)14 (35.9)0.072
Preoperative hemoglobin (g/dl)12.5±1.612.4±1.90.786
Preoperative hematocrit (%)39.3±4.339.1±4.80.820
Ejection fraction, (%)51.6±8.150.9±8.70.596
Glasgow prognostic score, n (%)
 GPS=0459 (68.3)14 (35)
 GPS≥1213 (31.7)26 (65)
POAF developed patients, n (%)106 (15.8)15 (37.5)
Intensive Care Unit stay (days)3.3±1.43.7±2.90.136
In-hospital stay (days)6.8±4.16.9±5.10.822
EuroSCORE – European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation, CVA – cardiovascular accident; COPD – chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; DM – diabetes mellitus; CAD – coronary artery disease; ACEI/ARB – angiotensin converting enzyme/angiotensin receptor blocker; GPS – Glasgow prognostic score; POAF – post operative atrial fibrillation.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750