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31 January 2023: Clinical Research

A Retrospective Study to Evaluate the Association Between the Glasgow Prognostic Score and Atrial Fibrillation, Stroke, and Mortality at 30 Days and at 1 Year After Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

Esra Dönmez 1ABCDEF* , Sevgi Özcan 1ABCDEF , Bülent Mert 2BCD , Berk Özkaynak 2ABDF , Sevil Tuğrul 1ABC , İrfan Şahin 1ABDEF , Ertuğrul Okuyan 1AEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939283

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939283

Table 4 Comparison of demographic, laboratory, and clinical parameters with respect to stroke development in the 1-year followup period.

VariablesStroke (−) n=686Stroke (+) n=26p
Body mass index (kg/m)27.9±4.527.6±3.90.713
EuroSCORE II1.9±1.23.6±2.2
History of HT, n(%)357 (52.2)14 (53.8)0.862
History of CVA, n(%)14 (2.1)11 (42.3)
History of COPD, n(%)128 (18.7)7 (26.9)0.208
History of DM, n (%)282 (41.2)13 (50)0.370
History of CAD, n(%)181 (26.6)8 (30.8)0.636
History of carotid artery disease, n (%)45 (5.2)24 (92.3)
Preoperative treatment, n (%)
 Statins352 (51.4)15 (57.7)0.482
 β-blockers216 (32.1)10 (4)0.407
 ACEI/ARB331 (48.7)16 (64)0.132
Preoperative hemoglobin (g/dl)12.4±1.812.1±1.60.360
Preoperative hematocrit (%)39.2±4.837.5±5.70.082
Ejection fraction, (%)50.9±8.749.5±9.50.423
Glasgow prognostic score, n (%)
GPS=0466 (68.1)6 (23.1)
GPS≥1219 (31.9)20 (76.9)
1-year cardiovascular mortality, n (%)59 (8.6)17 (65.4)
POAF developed patients, n (%)98 (14.3)23 (88.5)
Intensive Care Unit stay (days)3.6±2.66.3±5.3
In-hospital stay (days)6.7±4.18.2±4.90.073
EuroSCORE – European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation; CVA – cardiovascular accident; COPD – chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; DM – diabetes mellitus; CAD – coronary artery disease; ACEI/ARB – angiotensin converting enzyme/angiotensin receptor blocker; GPS – Glasgow prognostic scale; POAF – post operative atrial fibrillation.

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750